Sudan Democracy First Group
Sudan Transparency Initiative
“Out of Coverage: Politics, Corruption and Lack of Transparency in the Telecommunication Sector in Sudan”
The report highlights and investigates various types of corruption within Sudan’s telecommunications sector, by analyzing its root causes and explaining the corrupt practices associated with it, since the June 1989 coup. Moreover it clarifies the extent and depth of the telecommunication sector’s interaction and impact on other sectors, such as the financial sector, the security apparatus and political sphere. In addition, the report investigates mismanagement and wastage of public property, uncovers spying on citizens and other violations committed or condoned by the regime. Furthermore this report aims to enlighten any possible investors who wish to invest in the Sudan’s telecommunication sector about the real stakeholders and alert them of the consequences of their investments in the event of political change.
This report used a number of research methodologies including reviewing and analyzing secondary data and interviews with previous telecommunication sector employees. The author also relied on the knowledge of numerous experts by communicating with them via telephone calls, social media and emails. These sources were consulted about their roles, what they came to know about the industry and whether or not it was covered in the media. The researcher thoroughly searched specialized websites, reliable media platforms and dealt cautiously with information published on social media and non-specialized websites. Despite the abundance of what is written about corruption in the telecommunications sector, much of it is very general and not properly documented. There is a scarcity of published professional information, and as a result, this research sought to include well-referenced information. Most of the report’s statements are derived from official websites, published financial statements, interviews or press releases. Where there was a lack of official statistics or reports about some issues, the report used a proxy scientific approach based on officially published figures to come up with credible statistical estimates about the size of embezzled funds and pervasiveness of corruption in the telecommunications sector. Where this is the case, explanations of the approach used are included.
The major findings of the report included: