APPENDIX A: How the International Community Embraces the Khartoum Regime
Eric Reeves | May 21, 2016 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Ty
(My commentary, where it is provided, is always in blue italics, in [brackets], followed by my initials)
European rapprochement with and support for Khartoum
“Questionable Deal: EU to Work with [Sudan’s] Despot to Keep Refugees Out,” Der Spiegel (May 13, 2016) By Jürgen Dahlkamp and Maximilian Popp | http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/eu-to-work-with-despot-in-sudan-to-keep-refugees-out-a-1092328.html/. In an effort to help keep refugees from Africa at bay, the EU is planning to deliver personal registration equipment to Sudan, whose president is wanted on war crimes charges. Germany is leading the way.
[A fuller excerpting of this extraordinary revelation of European, and especially German, attitudes appears at the end of this Appendix. See especially last paragraph of this extraordinary dispatch. The German concentration camps of World War II were “closed camps,” and we may be sure that the closed camps Germany builds in Sudan will again be used to “concentrate” people on an ethnic and possibly religious basis. The plans are tailor-made for the needs of Khartoum’s National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS)—ER]
Poland, Sudan to engage in security and military cooperation| March 20, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – The Polish minister of defence Antoni Macierewicz has expressed his country’s desire and readiness to coordinate with Sudan in security and military issues. Macierewicz, who met Sudan’s foreign minister Ibrahim Ghandour in Warsaw on Saturday, pointed to Sudan’s regional importance, expressing his country’s readiness for security and military cooperation with the east African nation. (Sudan Tribune)
Sudan, UK agree to enhance economic cooperation| March 21, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan and the United Kingdom (UK) have agreed to promote cultural, economic and investment cooperation besides exchange of visits by senior officials in both nations. (Sudan Tribune)
Sudan, UK to discuss ways to promote bilateral ties| March 19, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – A political consultation committee between Sudan and the United Kingdom (UK) would meet Sunday in Khartoum to discuss ways for promoting bilateral relations… (Sudan Tribune)
Sudan, UK to engage in strategic dialogue| March 16, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan’s Vice-President Hasabo Mohamed Abdel-Rahman Wednesday discussed with the British Ambassador to Khartoum Michael Aron bilateral ties between the two countries… (Sudan Tribune)
Italian commercial delegation to arrive in Khartoum next week| February 3, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Italy’s embassy in Khartoum Wednesday announced that an Italian commercial delegation would arrive in the Sudanese capital next week to discuss ways for expanding the trade exchange between the two countries. (Sudan Tribune)
Germany, Sudan sign €51m cooperation agreement| March 3, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Germany and Sudan Thursday signed a €51 million cooperation agreement for the implementation of development projects in the three states of eastern Sudan, and five states of Darfur. (Sudan Tribune)
German delegations to visit Khartoum in January: Foreign Ministry | January 5, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Several official and legislative German delegations would arrive in Khartoum during this month, announced the Sudanese foreign ministry. Following a meeting Tuesday with the German ambassador to Khartoum Rolf Welberts, foreign ministry deputy under-secretary Daffa Allah al-Hag Ali Osman, said his country welcomes the expected visit of the German official.(Sudan Tribune)
Sudan receives 100 million euros from EU to stem irregular migrants| February 17, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – The European Commission Wednesday announced a 100 million euro package to support Sudan to address root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons. (Sudan Tribune)
[Most of this money will end up in the pockets of the National Intelligence and Security Services for their own nefarious purposes, not to stanch the flow of “irregular migrants,” which the domestic policies of the Khartoum regime have done much to increase in number—ER]
Belgium, Sudan sign loan to improve water supply| February 24, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Belgium Wednesday signed a loan agreement of 551,000 euro with the Sudanese government to provide 1,200 water pumping stations to ten states. (Sudan Tribune)
[Construction contracts for these pumping stations will benefit regime cronies, and the very fact of needing so much construction for adequate water supplies in Sudan is a reflection of the callous domestic economic policies of the regime—ER]
Sudanese foreign minister to meet EU officials in Brussels Monday| February 14, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – European Union (EU) envoy to Sudan, Tomas Ulicny, Sunday has discussed with Sudan’s foreign minister Ibrahim Ghandour his visit to the EU headquarters in Brussels. (Sudan Tribune)
‘EU and Sudan to strengthen dialogue and cooperation’| (Radio Dabanga, April 6, 2016 | BRUSSELS) Neven Mimica, European Union Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development has issued a statement following his two-day visit to Sudan, during which he met with The First Vice-President, Lt. Gen. Bakri Hassan Salih, and announced a €100 million Special Measure for the country, to be implemented under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. This Trust Fund was set up last year to tackle instability and the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement.
[See comments by First Vice-President Bakri Hassan Salih revealed in the leaked August 31, 2014 minutes of a meeting of high-level military and security officials, most notably his comment on Sudan’s foreign relations:
“Foreign policy management departments should work under the supervision of the military and security agencies responsible for national security affairs to adapt to the new internal and external changes, and the American Policy’s concepts in dealing with these changes. Recognizing the internal and external challenges and understanding the relationship between them and monitoring their issuing results internally spontaneously or under local circumstances [sic].” See also:
The UN Panel of Experts on Libya has documented substantial arms shipments by Khartoum to radical Islamists in Libya, in violation of the UN arms embargo on Libya. A destabilized Libya—especially a Libya destabilized by radical Islamists—is much more likely to remain a porous, if dangerous exit point to Italy for desperate refugees.
This did not prevent an expedient Neven Mimica, European Union Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, from fatuously declaring,” the “European Union values Sudan’s role at the regional level [and] I encouraged constructive engagement in particular in Libya”—ER]
Sudan, USAID discuss ways to promote joint cooperation| February 28, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan’s Minister of International Cooperation Kamal Hassan Ali has discussed with the Assistant Administrator for the Africa Bureau at the US Agency for International Development (Sudan Tribune)
European, UN, and AU pressure on Sudanese opposition groups to sign Mbeki/AU “roadmap”
The EU and various EU countries have urged Sudanese opposition parties to sign the deeply misguided roadmap provide my long-time AU diplomatic failure Thabo Mbeki. This plays directly into Khartoum’s hands (Khartoum quite literally had a hand in the writing of the roadmap before it was presented to the opposition groups). It is difficult to believe this is not well understood in EU capitals, where expediency is triumphing over the commitment to a genuine peace and democratic transformation of Sudan (see March 22, 2016 analysis):
Troika calls on Sudan Govt. for clarity, and opposition to sign AUHIP roadmap | April 10, 2016 | LONDON / WASHINGTON / OSLO
EU commends AUHIP for Sudan talks | April 5, 2016 | BRUSSELS The latest initiative of the African Union High-level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) to resolve Sudan’s internal conflicts has enhanced the prospects of a resolution, the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy said. (Radio Dabanga)
[There could hardly be a greater error in judgment: siding with Khartoum, which strong-armed Mbeki into producing the document that was presented in Addis and rejected by opposition groups, gives entirely undeserved diplomatic credibility to the regime—on which it will trade endlessly (as it did the defunct Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, quietly abandoned by the EU and the U.S.—ER]
UN Secretary-General calls on opposition to sign AU Roadmap | March 29, 2016 | NEW YORK In a press statement today, the Secretary-General welcomes the latest initiative of the AUHIP mediation team to bring together the Sudanese government, the National Umma Party (NUP), the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N), the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), and the Sudan Liberation Movement led by Minni Minawi (SLM-MM), “to reach an agreement on a cessation of hostilities, humanitarian access and assistance, and an inclusive National Dialogue process.” (Radio Dabanga)
Sudan briefs European diplomats on peace roadmap and Darfur referendum | April 20, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Following a briefing for the African ambassadors, the Sudanese foreign ministry Wednesday held a second meeting for the European diplomats in Khartoum to inform them (Sudan Tribune)
[UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon continues to expand his appalling legacy of betraying the people of Sudan, expediently demanding that the rebel groups in these two traditionally marginalized and brutalized regions agree to what is called the African Union “Roadmap Agreement,” fashioned by the diplomatically corrupt Thabo Mbeki, who is head of the AU “High Level Implementation Panel.” (The “Implementation” part of this grandiose title, let us recall, was “implementation” of Mbeki’s disastrous 2009 “roadmap” for peace in Darfur, which of course was never “implemented”—ER]
Agreeing to the AU’s newest “Roadmap” spells disaster for the rebel groups, especially the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-North (SPLM/A-N) insofar as it commits them to participate in the factitious political process described by the regime as a “National Dialogue.” In fact, leaked minutes of meetings in which senior officials [http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Sa/] describe the “National Dialogue” reveal that they view it as a mere political ploy, meant only to buy breathing room in confronting growing domestic opposition and to prepare for further military operations.
UN Secretary-General calls on opposition to sign AU Roadmap| March 29, 2016 NEW YORK (Radio Dabanga)
UN chief urges Sudanese opposition to sign Roadmap Agreement| March 29, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon has called on the Sudanese opposition to sign the Roadmap Agreement concocted by the African mediators… (Sudan Tribune)
AU Commission Chair urges Sudanese opposition ‘to sign roadmap’| March 25, 2016 | ADDIS ABABA (Radio Dabanga) | [Chairwoman of the Commission of the African Union, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma,] commends the Government of Sudan for signing the Roadmap Agreement, as part of efforts aimed at addressing the numerous challenges facing Sudan. She notes that the other [opposition] parties to the Strategic Consultations did not sign the Roadmap Agreement, and calls on them to urgently sign the Agreement by 28 March, “in order to give impetus to a process that shall lead to the settlement of Sudan’s multiple conflicts.” She calls on the parties who have not yet signed the agreement “to desist from making any unhelpful public statements, so as to avoid jeopardizing what they have committed to achieving; namely lasting peace in Sudan.”
[The AU, the UN and the rest of the international community seem content to see Khartoum hold dozens of UN Security Council resolutions in contempt, most conspicuously Resolution 1591 (March 2005), which imposes an arms embargo on the Darfur region and prohibits all military flights over Darfur—ER]
China and Russia, to be sure, have long viewed Sudan through the lens of military weapons sales and oil development, as well as other commercial opportunities:
Sudan and Russia vow to boost economic cooperation| February 27, 2016 (KHARTOUM) Sudanese and Russian foreign ministers Friday pledged to work toward greater economic cooperation between the two countries. Ibrahim Ghandour and Sergey Lavrov met… (Sudan Tribune)
February 24, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudanese oil minister Mohamed Zayed Awad Wednesday held discussions with Chinese officials to build the first gas pipeline in Sudan and ways to develop gas industry. (Sudan Tribune)
Russia blocks UN report on Darfur gold trade | April 5, 2016 | NEW YORK A UN Security Council (UNSC) panel report that links Sudanese militia leader Musa Hilal to vast gold sales in Darfur, has been put on hold by Russia, thereby temporarily blocking the extension of contracts for the experts in the UN Monitoring Panel for Sudan. (Radio Dabanga)
[A perfect illustration of Russian obstructionism under Putin; Musa Hilal bears direct responsibility for some of the worst atrocities in Darfur during the early years of the genocide. It was from Hilal’s headquarters in Misteriya that an infamous memorandum emerged that became the guiding principle for Khartoum’s genocidal counter-insurgency: “Change the demography of Darfur; empty it of African tribes”—ER]
Arab and African “solidarity” in criminality
Arab and African countries have also been particularly “forgiving” of the massive crimes, economic malfeasance, and corruption that have defined the 27 years since the NIF/NCP tyranny came to power by military coup.
Sudanese, Ugandan Presidents defy ICC | May 12, | 2016 | KHARTOUM President Omar Al Bashir returned home on Thursday evening after taking part in the inauguration of President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda. The President’s visit to Kampala was in open defiance of the International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrant against him, and the Sudanese Foreign Minister immediately poured scorn on the ICC, which has indicted Al Bashir for [inter alia] crimes against humanity and genocide. Earlier today, Amnesty International issued a press release calling on Uganda to arrest Al Bashir and surrender him to the ICC. The US, European and Canadian delegations walked-out of the inauguration ceremony in protest against Al Bashir’s presence, and remarks about the ICC by Museveni. (Radio Dabanga)
[If the Europeans, Americans, and Canadians really believe that they are obliged to walk out of the room with the entrance of President al-Bashir, why doesn’t the evident conviction that he is responsible for massive atrocity crimes inform policies toward the regime he heads? –ER]
Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan agree to enhance cooperation| February 20, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan leaders Saturday agreed to boost relations and reinforce trilateral cooperation in political, security and economic fields. (Sudan Tribune)
UAE funds $260m water stations for Khartoum State| January 8, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – The United Arab Emirates (UAE) will fund the construction of two water pumping stations at a cost of 260 million dollars in Khartoum state in support of the Sudanese (Sudan Tribune)
[Again, construction contracts will benefit regime cronies, and the very fact of needing so much construction for adequate water supplies in Sudan is a reflection of the callous domestic economic policies of the regime—ER]
Sudan, Egypt FMs discuss Ethiopian dam| January 9, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Ibrahim Ghandour Saturday held talks in Cairo, with his Egyptian counterpart Samih Shoukri on issues of common interest (Sudan Tribune)
Egypt invites Bashir to attend investment African forum| January 17, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese president Omer al-Bashir has received an invitation from his Egyptian counterpart Abdel-Fatah al-Sissi to attend the African Investment Forum (AIF) at at the Red Sea resort of Sharm El-Shiekh from 20 to 21 February 2016. (Sudan Tribune)
Bashir receives message from Egyptian president over joint cooperation| March 20, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir Sunday has received a message from his Egyptian counterpart Abdel-Fatah al-Sisi pertaining to joint cooperation and coordination… (Sudan Tribune)
Bahraini Prime Minister invited to visit Sudan| January 23, 2016 (MANAMA) – Sudan’s foreign minister Ibrahim Ghandour has handed over an official invitation for the Bahraini Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa to visit Sudan. (Sudan Tribune)
East African states set to inter-connect through energy| February 4, 2016 (ADDIS ABABA) – East African countries are due to be linked through a regional power interconnection in a bid to boost their economic development, Ethiopian… (Sudan Tribune)
Sudan’s Bashir to participate in the upcoming African Union summit| January 24, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – President Omer al-Bashir will lead the Sudanese delegation participating in the 26th African Union head of states and governments summit scheduled to take place 30-31 of January 2016, at the AU Headquarters in Addis Ababa. (Sudan Tribune)
African Union summit to formally demand Washington to lift Sudan sanctions| January 23, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – A senior Sudanese diplomat has said the economic sanctions imposed by Washington on Sudan hampers the African Union’s (AU) ability to carry out its tasks. (Sudan Tribune)
[This claim by Khartoum is utter nonsense, particularly in light of the regime’s hostility to the UN/African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur (UNAMID)—a hostility that is sometimes murderous: see compilation of evidence at | http://wp.me/p45rOG-11S—ER]
Arab League renews calls for lift of sanctions on Sudan| March 11, 2016 (KHARTOUM) The Arab League called for the removal of American economic sanctions on Sudan, and vowed to exert more efforts with the international funds and organizations to support the Sudanese economy and cancel its foreign debt. (Sudan Tribune)
[The Arab League has disgraced itself by overlooking the massive violence orchestrated against Sudanese civilians by the Khartoum regime, as well as the regime’s gross mismanagement of the economy and exorbitant expenditures on the armed and security services, as well as various paramilitary forces. There could hardly be a country less deserving of debt relief than Sudan under the NIF/NCP—ER]
UN agencies to implement Qatari funded projects in Darfur| February 16, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Darfur Regional Authority and the United Nations signed Tuesday an agreement to implement a number of development projects in Darfur five states funded by the State of Qatar. (Sudan Tribune)
Sudan’s Bashir invited to attend Djiboutian president inauguration | April 25, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir has received an invitation from his Djiboutian counterpart Ismail Omar Guelleh to attend his inauguration ceremony for another term (Sudan Tribune)
Egyptian-Sudanese committee to meet in Khartoum on May 25th | May 18, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – The Egyptian-Sudanese Higher Committee (ESHC) would hold meetings in Khartoum between 25 to 26 May with the participation of seven under-secretaries of ministries from both nations. Sudanese president Omer Hassan (Sudan Tribune)
In the case of Saudi Arabia, Khartoum’s economically compelled decision to cut ties with Iran has yielded extraordinary dividends:
Sudan severs diplomatic ties with Iran| January 4, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan on Monday said it is severing diplomatic relations with Iran, one day after Saudi Arabia announced it was also cutting off ties with Tehran. (Sudan Tribune)
Saudi Arabia gives Sudan $5 billion in military aid| February 22, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Saudi Arabia has granted five billion dollar military assistance to Sudan initially dedicated to the Lebanese army, multiple sources told Sudan Tribune on Monday. (Sudan Tribune) [ST had excellent sources for this information—ER]
Sudanese army participates in regional military maneuvers in Saudi Arabia| February 5, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudanese army on Friday, announced its participation in joint military manoeuvres to be held in Saudi Arabia, including Arab and Muslim countries participating… (Sudan Tribune)
Sudanese army participates in Islamic military alliance meeting in Riyadh| March 27, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan has participated in the first meeting of the chiefs-of-staff of the Islamic Military Alliance to Fight Terrorism (IMAFT) which kicked off Sunday in the Saudi capital, Riyadh (Sudan Tribune)
Saudi aircraft flies Al Bashir to Islamic summit in Indonesia| March 7, 2016 | JAKARTA
Sudan’s Bashir to participate in the upcoming African Union summit | January 24, 2016 (KHARTOUM) – President Omer al-Bashir will lead the Sudanese delegation participating in the 26th African Union head of states and governments summit scheduled to take place January 30 – 31, 2016 in Addis. (Sudan Tribune)
The cynicism of this EU proposal for “concentrating” potential African refugees in “closed camps” under the supervision of Khartoum’s National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) is almost unfathomable. The provision of advanced surveillance and registration technologies to NISS raised issues of both law and fundamental morality.
[Extended excerpt from] Der Spiegel (May 13, 2016), “Questionable Deal: EU to Work with [Sudan’s] Despot to Keep Refugees Out,” Jürgen Dahlkamp and Maximilian Popp | http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/eu-to-work-with-despot-in-sudan-to-keep-refugees-out-a-1092328.html
In an effort to help keep refugees from Africa at bay, the EU is planning to deliver personal registration equipment to Sudan, whose president is wanted on war crimes charges. Germany is leading the way.
[See especially last paragraph of this extraordinary dispatch: The German concentration camps of World War II were “closed camps,” and we may be sure that the closed camps Germany builds in Sudan will again be used to “concentrate” people on an ethnic and possibly religious basis. The plans are tailor-made for the needs of Khartoum’s National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS)—ER]
The ambassadors of the 28 European Union member states had agreed to secrecy.
“Under no circumstances” should the public learn what was said at the talks that took place on March 23rd, the European Commission warned during the meeting of the Permanent Representatives Committee. A staff member of EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs Federica Mogherini even warned that Europe’s reputation could be at stake.
Under the heading “TOP 37: Country fiches,” the leading diplomats that day discussed a plan that the EU member states had agreed to: They would work together with dictatorships around the Horn of Africa in order to stop the refugee flows to Europe—under Germany’s leadership.
When it comes to taking action to counter the root causes of flight in the region, German Chancellor Angela Merkel has said, “I strongly believe that we must improve peoples’ living conditions.” The EU’s new action plan for the Horn of Africa provides the first concrete outlines: For three years, $40 million ($45 million) is to be paid out to eight African countries from the Emergency Trust Fund, including Sudan.
Minutes from the March 23 meetings and additional classified documents obtained by SPIEGEL and the German public television station ARD show “Report Mainz” show that the focus of the project is border protection. To that end, equipment is to be provided to the countries in question.
War Crimes and Torture
The International Criminal Court in The Hague has issued an arrest warrant against Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir on charges relating to his alleged role in genocide and crimes against humanity in the Darfur conflict. Amnesty International also claims that the Sudanese secret service has tortured members of the opposition. And the United States accuses the country of providing financial support to terrorists.
Nevertheless, documents relating to the project indicate that Europe want to send cameras, scanners and servers for registering refugees to the Sudanese regime in addition to training their border police and assisting with the construction of two camps with detention rooms for migrants. The German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development has confirmed that action plan is binding, although no concrete decisions have yet been made regarding its implementation.
The German development agency GIZ is expected to coordinate the project. The organization, which is a government enterprise, has experience working with authoritarian countries.
In Saudi Arabia, for example, German federal police are providing their Saudi colleagues with training in German high-tech border installations. The money for the training comes not directly from the federal budget but rather from GIZ.
[When it comes to questions of finance, the organization has become a vehicle the government can use to be less transparent, a government official confirms—ER]
An important refugee route runs through Sudan, Africa’s third largest country. Migrants from Eritrea, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic all seek to make their way via Khartoum to Libya, where they catch boats to Europe. The United Nations says that there are currently 4 million people in flight in the area.
In recent years, Europe has delegated responsibility for those seeking protection to third countries, like Morocco, Ukraine and, more recently, Turkey. Now, with al-Bashir, the job of controlling migration is being turned over to a suspected war criminal. “A regime that destabilized the region and drove hundreds of thousands of people to flee is now supposed to stem the refugee problem for the EU,” criticizes Marina Peter, an expert on the Horn of Africa region at the German relief organization Bread for the World.
[In the Darfur region of Sudan alone, more than three million people have been turned into Internally Displaced Persons or refugees in neighboring Chad—ER]
The plan is also controversial within the EU. The “risks” listed in the action plan includes the fact that equipment financed by the Emergency Trust Fund could be abused by repressive regimes and used in the oppression of the civilian population.
A general with Sudan’s Interior Ministry told SPIEGEL and ARD that technology would not just be used to register refugees, but also all Sudanese. The regime’s goal appears to be the absolute surveillance of its people.
[“A general with Sudan’s Interior Ministry told SPIEGEL and ARD that technology would not just be used to register refugees, but also all Sudanese. The regime’s goal appears to be the absolute surveillance of its people”: there is simply no fathoming the callousness of proceeding with the project with the inevitable results described here—ER]
Can Sudan Be a Serious Partner?
Experts like Peter also express doubts about whether Sudanese leader al-Bashir is prepared to take serious action against migrant smugglers. Human Rights Watch has claimed in reports that the Sudanese regime itself works together with criminal networks. The report alleges that the police and military have sold refugees to human traffickers.
The European Commission, meanwhile, has warned EU ambassadors in a classified memo that Sudan is primarily interested in polishing its image abroad.
Germany and the other EU member states nevertheless seem determined to push ahead with their pact with the despot. Sudanese authorities say there have been numerous visitors from Germany in recent weeks who were there to discuss the construction of closed camps. When questioned about its role, Germany’s GIZ issued a written reply that there were no concrete plans in the country yet. [end]
“…the construction of closed camps.” Given Germany’s history of constructing camps for the unwanted, the undesirable, the ethnically or religiously unsuitable—“closing” them off from the ethnically pure, law-abiding, physically and sexually normal Aryan population—this “construction” effort by present-day Germany should send shock waves through the German populace—and indeed the entire European Union, which collectively seems quite enthusiastic about Khartoum’s hosting of “closed camps,” as well as receiving sophisticated monitoring and registration equipment: “cameras, scanners and [computer] servers for registering refugees.”
There will be no need for the tattooing of numbers on forearms—current Germany technology is prepared to make such registration methods obsolete for Khartoum’s notoriously ruthless security services–their own “SS.” The question is whether there is any change in purpose for the new technology.